Clans and Tribes
Clans where groups of people of same ancestry or cousins. They mostly married among themselves. Cousins married cousins. They basically shared kinship bonds.
Elders where respected in a sense that they had a better knowledge or experience in life than the younger members. In some cases, clans where politically united by leaders such as Matriarchs, Patriarchs, Chiefs.....
Good examples are history of the Irish, Scottish, Chinese, Korean, Japanese....
SUPERSTITION: a belief or way of behaving that is based on fear of the unknown and faith in magic or luck : a belief that certain events or things will bring good or bad luck.
When a King was strong enough to subdue other nations, he then called himself an Emperor.