Clans and Tribes
Clans where groups of people of same ancestry or cousins. They mostly married among themselves. Cousins married cousins. They basically shared kinship bonds.
Elders where respected in a sense that they had a better knowledge or experience in life than the younger members. In some cases, clans where politically united by leaders such as Matriarchs, Patriarchs, Chiefs.....
Good examples are history of the Irish, Scottish, Chinese, Korean, Japanese....
Tribes had a more geographical, economic, political unity. Nations rose from tribes.
Nations grew from geographical power build up of Leaders that eventually called them selves Kings. They had power (often of an organized military unit), and control over the members of various tribes, sometimes through acceptance, or admiration of the said leader. In ancient times leaders often used their knowledge of natural phenomenons, and superstitions to coerce people to seek their guidance and protection. Often Kings surrounded themselves with some form of priesthood, and performed rituals on behalf of their people. People often requested such rituals and the participation of their King, to fend off bad omens. So either by force or deception, their hold on power was mostly transferred to their descendants, as people believed in the spiritual abilities of their anointed ones.
SUPERSTITION: a belief or way of behaving that is based on fear of the unknown and faith in magic or luck : a belief that certain events or things will bring good or bad luck.
When a King was strong enough to subdue other nations, he then called himself an Emperor. His power structure would then bring to the court enumerable riches that where collected (a form of taxation) across other Kingdoms that belonged to the Empire. Often, weaker nations would join the Empire on their own, in order to seek protection from other Nations. Tributes where either demanded or offered, under the form of goods, livestock, slaves (note, that nations had slaves from their own kinship to offer as tribute).
The most memorable Empire build up was that of the Mongols under Genghis Khan.
Khan in it self was the tittle give to the ruler successors of the Mongol Empire.
The will of people
People tend to seek assurance for their livelihood. History shows how many tribes, clans, entire nations decided to get the cover of a more powerful ruler, just for the sake of protection, guidance, reassurance, structure, and sometimes just because admiration, adoration, trust, or deception.
The more threats a people is subjected to, the more they are enticed to give up their Liberty.
Therefore, RULERS or wannabe rulers, fabricate FEAR, to keep people subdued, under their boots.
Therein, the creation of what is called False Flags. Not only do they instill fear, but also manipulate the behavior of the masses.