Ancient Chosun's roots, from the migration of early Chinese Civilization, produced the Gojoseon Kingdom, a very advanced civilization, more so than their Chinese counterparts, until the Han Dynasty.
|By Xakyntos - |
한국교원대학교 역사교육과 편,
사계절 출판사, 2004 중 24, 26페이지를 참고
By 108 B.C., the Hans of China, distributed Gojoseon into 4 Commanderies.
The 4 commanderies and their 4 governors, literally turned Gojoseon into a slave state, until the 37 B.C. Rebellion and creation of the Kingdom of Goguryo.
After strife and disagreements some of the Royals of Goguryo, travelled South to create their own Kingdom of Baekje in 18 B.C.
At the same time that the Korean peninsula grew in power, the Han Dynasty extinguished within a few hundred years. China remained divided for many centuries giving the Korean peninsula time to prosper, and their Kingdoms (up to 5 at one time) to try claiming supremacy over the area:
- 37 BC to 918 AD: Goguryo
- 18 BC to 936 AD: Baekje
- 42 AD to 562: Gaya
- 540 to 938 AD: Later then Unified Silla
- 698 AD to 926: Balhae
Later on, political divides due to the remnants of the 2 previous kingdoms of Goguryo and Baekje, led to the emergence of the new state of Goryeo in 918.
Goryeo a result of Civil wars, remained dominant of the Korean peninsula until 1392, regardless of the constant aggression's of the Northern Chinese tribes, the Yuan dynasty, and the Mongols. By the mid 14th century, Goryeo freed itself from the grip or over-lordship of the Yuan Chinese Dynasty.
The Mongols attacked and raided Goryeo for 30 years until eventually giving up the conquest and the Master Servant relationship so desired.
Towards the end of it's existence, Goryeo's nobility completely ignored the misery of it's people caused by constant Japanese pirates attacks and raids, capture and slave trade, on the peninsula.
In 1392, a military overthrow led to the newly Joseon Kingdom, basically a more modern political entity, that would rule the Korean peninsula, still through Monarchy, but with a prominent control of political parties, that were still in majority the nobility of the nation.
The same war driven Yuan and Ming dynasties influenced the overthrow of Goryeo for the new Joseon.
Joseon saw it's culture gradually separate from China, more so by the creation of it's own writing system in 1443: Hangul. Yes, until then, Koreans used the Chinese writing system to express their own language.
Unfortunately, it led to an ever increasing isolationism from the surrounding nations, and eventually from progress. Joseon however proved very crafty, by it's own development of firearms, explosives, and military ships, in order to fight of the constant attempts of invasion by the Japanese.
From Ming to the Qing, Joseon had to keep those Chinese dynasties from their grip and their tributary state system.
For five centuries, the name Joseon remained, until 1897, to be renamed the Korean Empire, in an attempt to prove it's independence from Chinese sphere of influence.
In 1910, Japan made Korea a Japanese territory.
Korea remained under Japanese rule until the end of WWII.
The same end result that occurred in Germany, with the division of East and West Germany, Korea became North and South Korea after the end of WWII.
USSR controlling the North, and USA the South.
That's when things went wrong. the UN created the southern Republic of Korea, while the USSR in disagreement kept influence over the North. Unfortunately, the USSR, literally left the North on it's own. Enters China in the vacuum! China's influence over North Korea prevented any sort of reunification, as it did occur with Germany at the end of the USSR.
Communist China needed this buffer zone from the Western influenced South Korea.
And ever since, China kept control over North Korea. Today, North Korea a pawn of China is causing World pains. China dictates North Korea's actions. Be warned.....