Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Great Civilizations and Empires

Ancient civilizations and Empires

  • 3300 BC. - Early civilizations, Mesopotamia, was located in the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq plus Kuwait, the eastern parts of Syria, and regions along the Turkish-Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders. They were Herders, Farmers, had knowledge of Brass and Iron, Cuneiform writing. 
    Mesopotamia Cuneiform writing
  • 2300 BC. Nimrod, the Babylonians...
  • 2300 BC. was the beginning of the first Egyptian civilization followed by the Old Kingdom.
  • 2300 BC. The Yellow Emperor is said to be the ancestor of Chinese civilizations.
  • 2300 BC. The Hindus Valley civilizations, one the 3 old world early civilizations.
  • 2300-2200 BC. Phoenicia: The great navigators, traders.
  • 2200 BC. The Mayan civilizations of central America.
  • 2200 BC. Traces of Ancient Chosun civilization were found in the areas of Northern Korea, and the south east of today's China. It led to the Gojoseon Kingdom (ancestors of today's Korea).
  • 1600 BC. Ancient Greece early stages, to culminate under Alexander the Great of Macedonia.
  • 1100 BC.  Birth of the Kingdom of Israel. Under the second King, David, expanded its military power and conquests. The 3rd King Solomon, took the Kingdom to a prosperity known by all neighbors. He actively worked and traded with the Phoenicians and Assyrians. The Kingdom split right after his death (974 BC.). First, the Northern Kingdom was invaded by the Assyrians (Capital Damascus was destroyed).  Later, the Southern Kingdom was utterly destroyed by the Babylonians around 600 BC. The survivors fled or were taken captive.
  • Kingdom of Israel
    Persian Empire
  • 550 BC. The Persian Empire succeeded the Assyrians and the Babylonians, until the Muslim conquest around 650 AD. 
  • 500 BC. Roman civilization gave birth to the mighty Roman Empire. It's division and gradual decline until the end of 4th century AD.
  • 622 AD The Muslim Empire began with the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, It's expansion under the Umayyad Caliphate (7th century), extended conquests to southern Europe, including North Africa, Caucasus and central Asia until 1099. 
    Muslim Umayyad Caliphate
  • 1200 AD The Aztecs. The Nahua people and the Aztlan migrants formed what was to become the Aztec Empire. It ended with the Spanish conquest under Hernan Cortes. (15th century)
  • 1200 AD The Incas begun in the area of Cusco Peru. They were conquered by the Spanish Francisco Pizarro in the mid 15th century.
  • 1206 AD Genghis Khan proclaimed ruler of the Mongols. Followed 2 centuries of conquest to create the largest contiguous land Empire in history. Civil war and division ended this huge Empire.
  • 16th Century saw the rise of the Spanish Empire. It became a global power by the 18th century with the greatest territorial expansion.
  • Late 16th Century, the British Empire, a Global power by the late 1800's. Largest Empire in history.
  • Late 16th Century, the French Colonial Empire, became Napoleon's conquest Empire in the early 1800's.
  • 17th Century Russian Empire stretching over 3 continents, defeated Napoleon's ambitions.
Chronological view of Ancient Civilizations and the greatest Empires of the World.

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